The Millennium Development Goals were first created by the United Nations in the year of 2000 and adopted a framework to help combat the most problematic international issues our world envisioned to overcome. Comprised of eight initiatives that relate to aspects heavily effecting under-developed countries, targets were expected to be met by 2015. However as the year approached, global results had fallen short but the momentum lives on through the revision and new aphorism, “The Future We Want”. Today the Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) launched by the United Nations has devised a more concise set of universal goals that can be achieved by the year 2030. The overarching message of this establishment is to reform the world we live to achieve sustainable development in all dimensions for our world.
It began in September 2000, when 189 member countries of the United Nations convened to adopt the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) committing themselves to eradicating world challenges and achieving human development by 2015. It is arguably the strongest statement yet of the international commitment to end global strife. Acknowledging the multidimensional problems with specific objectives the list created is as follows:
- Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
- Achieve universal primary education
- Promote gender equality and empower women
- Reduce child mortality
- Improve maternal health
- Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
- Ensure environmental sustainability
- Develop a global partnership for development
Through statistics, rates, facts and figures the nations set targets and believed that all goals could be achieved in 2015. The mission was and still remains to ensure a sustainable environment for this world and to make freedom accessible to all. The beginning supporters that made the largest contributions are accredited to key international agencies such as the United Nations, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the Organization for Economic Development (OECD), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), leading to the emergence of the community, governments and citizens taking action and being involved with the “global partnership for development” goal.
As we can see, even the aid of the monumental institutions is not substantial requires more action.
Observers and those of the kind openly share their criticism in the United Nations’ ability to accomplish these goals. Despite the analytical reports computed, some may claim that the goals set forth are unrealistic and not obtainable. Fortunately there are organizations, companies, foundations and more that believe this can be a reality and they do so by holding one another accountable. Prior to the established Sustainable Development Goals, world achievements include reducing the proportion of people living on less than $1.25 per day by 600 million, the world poverty rate dropping from 47% to 24% in spite of the growing world population, today at 7.3 billion, over the past 10 years over 43 million children worldwide were enrolled in primary education, 117 countries have passed laws regarding wage equality, five in nine developing regions have reduced the under-five mortality rate by 50%, maternal mortality has decreased by 47% , since 2009, more than 1.4 million people have received HIV/AIDS antiretroviral treatment and 1,800 people have gained access to basic sanitation.
Some results are more impressive than others and the issues are over time diminishing. The global progression is promising and there are ways for each person on this earth to make a difference and play a larger role. With the increasing traction of this world’s current status, the cooperation from all entities is growing in significance. Donations, volunteering, education are all acts that people have and can take part in.
What’s Occurring Present Day
From the most recent conference, Rio+20 outlined 17 redefined goals that give more clarity and affirmation in closing the worldly gaps. These goals are built on the foundation and “unfinished business” of the Millennium Development Goals and respond to the new assessment of this world. Today these goals integrate the economic, social and environmental aspects and recognize the interlinkages in achieving sustainable development in all its dimensions. Here is the proposed list:
- End poverty in all forms everywhere
- End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
- Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
- Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
- Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
- Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
- Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
- Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
- Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
- Reduce inequality within and among countries
- Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
- Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
- Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
- Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
- Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
- Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
- Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development
This past March, these 17 goals were proposed with 169 proposed targets and indicators to show compliance that can be met by 2030. As aforementioned, SDSN has compacted these goals into 10 more concise, pragmatic universal goals.
- End extreme poverty in all its forms
- Achieve development within planetary boundaries
- Ensure effective learning for all children and for youth for their lives and livelihoods
- Achieve gender equality, social inclusion and human rights for all
- Achieve health and wellbeing at all ages
- Improve agricultural systems and raise rural productivity
- Empower inclusive, productive and resilient cities
- Curb human-induced climate change and ensure sustainable energy
- Secure ecosystem services and biodiversity and ensure good management of water and other natural resources
- Transform Governance for Sustainable Development
The goals are devised to orient the world in a more realistic sustainable way of life for all generations to follow. These can be considered the secular Ten Commandments that all nations must strive to live by, and it is possible. Focusing on the dimensions to alleviate populations and lead them to holistic freedom in a sense is the vision we intend to see made. Essentially, the world collectively wants everyone to be able to live in a state of health and wealth, an environment that should be available to all. This world is only growing and it is our responsibility as citizens to take care of it and be socially and economically conscious. The new sets of Sustainable Development Goals are tangible and able to be measured from various proxies and serve as a guide for this world to live better.
#MakeaChange #FutureGoals #SocialiteSpeaking
 Todaro, Michael P., and Michael P. Todaro. Economic Development. New York: Longman, 1994. Print.
 “End Poverty 2015.” End Poverty 2015. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 May 2015.
 “Proposal for Sustainable Development Goals .:. Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform.” Proposal for Sustainable Development Goals .:. Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 May 2015